Argex Bucket Dredger – Digging for Clay

Argex Bucket Dredger – Digging for Clay

Argex Bucket Dredger

This clay pit is pretty much at its end and exhausted from resources, so that gigantic dredge monster is standing still nowadays. I had the chance to explore the site and take cool pictures of it during the summer of 2014.

Request your photos here

The Bucket Dredger

An impressive machine

Argex

Argex grains are made of Boom clay which is reclaimed from the back clay pit by means of a bucket dredger. Every day, conveyor belts bring approximately 1,000 tons of clay to the plant for further processing. The clay is kneaded and ground, and according to the desired grain calibre, compressed into small bars. Next, these clay bars are baked in a 84 m long rotary kiln at a temperature of 1100° C and expand into little round balls: 1,700 m³ of grains a day. With its production capacity of about 500,000 m³ Argex NV has the largest kiln to produce expanded clay grains in Europe.

Lightweight aggregate has been used in construction since Roman times, valued for its combination of low weight and high strength. The variability of natural lightweight aggregate remained a challenge for almost 2,000 years until the advent of industrial production processes.

Argex started the production of expanded clay in the early 1950s. Today, expanded clay is a well-established lightweight aggregate suitable for a wide range of applications. It has proven to be a durable and safe material able to withstand different climates all over the world: from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia and the US to the far East. The expanded clay industry is a sustainable industry. It is resource efficient and contributes to a competitive low carbon economy. The industry is committed to continuously reducing the impact of production and developing the properties and applications of the material to improve its sustainability.

Continue to Argex NV

June 2014

The weather was pretty nice and warm, so I decided to hit the road with my bike again. This time I wanted to explore this gigantic Argex dragline machine just 20 minutes from home standing bulky near a clay pit in Kruibeke. A massively deep pit with water at the bottom, pretty dangerous if you would fall down the edge. I’m smart enough to know what I’m doing and so I keep myself steady while walking near the edge. Climbing this machine was easy and at the top of its nose the view was marvellous and I stayed there for at least half an hour to admire the scenery around me.

© HIN-urbex

Review of the best CAD workstations and what is CAD?

Review of the best CAD workstations and what is CAD?

Review of the best CAD workstations and what is CAD?

Review of the best CAD workstations and what is CAD?

Disclosure: We use affiliate links in this post because it earns us a little commission if you buy a product through my page, but these are all products we recommend. We only show good quality products and products we tested. All prices are excluding shipping/importing fees.

What the heck is

CAD

Computer-aided Design or in short CAD

Remember back in the good old days when there were no such things like computers, smartphones, tablets or other electronics used for creating technical drawings of all sorts? No? Well, here is some history…

It goes way back to the drafting table where the drafting technician has to draw lines on paper by hand. Wait, who is the drafting technician?

But first, what is a technical drawing?

A technical drawingdrafting, or drawing, is the act and discipline of composing drawings that visually communicate how something functions or is constructed. Thanks to Wikipedia!

Most importantly it is a discipline and an art to express what the technical designer wants to put on paper or computer screen nowadays. Communication is key in the process and thanks to the visual drawings they made it is so much easier to understand what the drafter has in their head.

A drafting technician, drafterdraftsperson, or draughtsman is a person who makes a drawing (technical or expressive). A professional drafter who makes technical drawings is sometimes called a drafting technician. Thanks again Wikipedia!

Now, What is CAD?

Computer-aided design or CAD is the use of modern computers to aid in the creation of a design. Can be any design you can imagine. And yes, for this you need good quality software like Autocad for example to do the job.

Spindle

A spindle example drawn at the VDAB Centre in 2010

Me and

CAD

Why I use CAD?

I was a student at the technical school Don Bosco Hoboken in Belgium and graduated as a mechanical engineer (sort of) in 2009. I loved drafting the stuff we were going to produce on the milling machine or CNC. CNC stands for Computer Numerical Control and is an advanced and more automated machine than the manual milling machine.

I simply loved creating drawings more than standing behind the CNC and make my hands dirty. Not that I don’t dare to make them dirty, though ? Just the cooling liquids are not that healthy. After school I went to the public library and searched for the well-known TEC / CAD college book to learn more about Autocad. An amazing piece of software to produce 2D and 3D drawings. Even back then in 2004!

After Don Bosco I attended a course at VDAB to further develop my Autocad and Inventor skills. We didn’t use Inventor at school and I really wanted to learn more about the software. The course lasted half a year and I started working as soon as it came to an end.

I began working at a solar company in Lokeren and had to endure 2 heavy weeks struggling with messy Inventor drawings created by the previous draughtsman. Simply put, it was hell and too far from where I lived. So, it lasted only 2 weeks and I changed my mind. My second job was at Engie Axima, a company that takes care of the HVAC installations of companies and offices. I worked 2 years there and changed to Scaldis, Salvage & Marine Contractors on 11 December 2013 and I’m still there today.

Scaldis is a company that installs offshore structures for the oil and gas industry, renewable energy & salvage works. Our area of interest is the North Sea, Baltic Sea and hopefully we expand the area to the east as well.

And so I became a master in the Autocad software, which I use every single day as soon as I started working. My hobby became my profession and that is what I love doing.

Saas-Grund by Roger G.

© Photo by Livemedia

Review of the best

CAD Workstations

Do you like waiting?

Heck no, you don’t. If you hate waiting then you’re just me. We’re humans right! We don’t like to wait. How awful is it to wait for a single block to load into your project, or whatever amazing render you are creating and it takes ages to even open or save or at last render.

I know the feeling, trust me…

Your workstation is the most important tool you can use to maximize productivy, quality and even quantity when it comes to the engineering process of a drawing.

Below I recommend some top-quality and entry-level workstations and laptops to give you the best experience in your specific branch.

Things to consider

before you buy

Processor/CPU

Intel Core i9 X-series processor

Intel Core i9 X-series processor

 

The power behind each and every laptop, workstation or just any electronic device out there. AMD & Intel are top quality processor providers and are currently ruling the market. Be sure to get the right amount of cores (the more the better) and also the speed is important depending of your budget and choice.

Memory/RAM

DDR5 memory RAM

DDR5 memory RAM

The more RAM, the better. 16 GB of RAM is a must for CAD systems! In combination with Google Chrome for example, the amount of RAM can get critical for your work.

Hard drive/HDD/SSD

Samsung SSD 1TB hard drive

Samsung SSD 1TB hard drive

 

Be sure to get an SSD (Solid State Drive) instead of an HDD (Hard Disk Drive). Solid States are simply much more powerful, faster, safer and they are more efficient. A big-capacity HDD can be perfect for your storage, but for software a fast SSD is highly recommended.

Video card/GPU

Graphics Card AMD RX 580 - Geforce GTX 1060

Graphics Card AMD / Geforce

 

CAD systems are better with a good video card as it will transfer the image of your drawing to your computer screen. The more RAM a video card has the quicker the task will be executed.

Monitor

Curved monitor

Curved monitor

 

A monitor is hereby important to fit your entire drawing on one single screen or multiple screens. Optimal 2 screens are perfect for CAD technicians. One for the main drawing and one for all the toolbars.

High-end Workstations

$1,000 – $3,000 range

by Dell

Dell XPS 8930 Tower Desktop

Dell XPS 8930

Product details

  • 8th Generation Intel i7-8700 6-Core 3.20 GHz Processor (12M Cache, up to 4.60 GHz), Windows 10 Home 64-bit
  • 16GB DDR4 2666MHz Memory + 2TB 7200 RPM SATA Hard Drive, DVD-RW Drive
  • NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050Ti 4GB GDDR5 Graphics (1x Display Port, 1x HDMI, 1x DVI), Intel UHD Graphics 630
  • Dell Wireless 802.11a/c + Bluetooth v4.1, Integrated 5.1 Channel Audio with Waves MaxxAudio Pro
  • 1 Year Limited Warranty, Dell USB Laser Mouse – Black, Dell Wired Keyboard – Black, No Monitor Included

Product review

I bought my XPS 8300 desktop tower in 2011 and upgraded it with a bigger case to fit a more powerful graphics card in to expand its power capabilities. Today it is still a powerful beast of a PC. Back then there wasn’t Thunderbolt, or USB 3.0 so I had to upgrade a PCI express card with the new USB interface for faster data transfer. Yay!

I’m very satisfied with my system, it is still powerful and works like a charm.
So, I can only recommend investing in Dell’s XPS tower desktops.

Read PC MAG’s review here

Product price

$1,047.89

(shipping costs excluded)

Brand-new 2018 Dell XPS 9370

Dell XPS 9370

Product details

  • Intel Core 8th Generation i7-8550U Processor (Quad Core, up to 4.0 GHz, 8M Cache)
  • 13.3” 4K Ultra HD (3840 x 2160) InfinityEdge Touch display | Intel UHD Graphics 620
  • 16GB LPDDR3 2133MHz Memory | 256GB PCIe Solid State Drive
  • Widescreen HD (720p) webcam, Windows Hello compliant | Power button integrated fingerprint reader
  • Killer 1435 WiFi 802.11ac 2×2 with Bluetooth | Windows 10 Professional 64 bit

Product review

As a Dell user I want to add this one to my list, being reviewed by many users this laptop is a beast when it comes to power. 4 GHz and a 4K display, 16 GB of memory and a 256 GB capacity SSD.

My only tip is to pick the right capacity for the SSD because this isn’t easy to replace.

Product price

$1,699.00

(shipping costs excluded)

by HP

HP ZBook x2

HP 14" ZBook x2 G4

HP ZBook x2

Product details

  • 2 in 1 Mobile Workstation
  • Intel Core i7, 7th Gen, 2.70 GHz, Dual-core
  • 16 GB Memory SDRAM
  • Solid State Drive Capacity: 512 GB, Screen Size: 14″, Display Screen Type: LCD
  • 4k touchscreen display 3840 x 2160
  • 1 USB 3.0 port, 1, USB Type-C (Thunderbolt 3)
  • Height: 0.8″, Width: 14.4″, Depth: 8.9″
  • Approximate weight: 4.78 lb
  • Windows 10 Pro

Product review

A stunning design and powerful 2-in-1 mobile workstation build to last for years. Its screen is detachable and can be used as a tablet as well as docked or standard laptop. Packed with 16 gigabytes of memory and a 4k touchscreen, this laptop is perfect for any task.

Product price

$2,199.99

(shipping costs excluded)

HP Envy 34″ Curved All-in-One

HP Envy 34 Curved

Product details

  • Intel Core i7-7700T with TURBO BOOST up to 3.80GHz
  • 32 GB of RAM (ULTRA performance); AMD graphics 4GB GDDR5 dedicated & up to 10GB total video RAM
  • 2 TB SSD Drive; HDMI 2.0 ports in & out
  • 34″ CURVED Brilliant diagonal anti-glare screen (3440×1440 px)
  • Bang & Olufsen QUAD speakers, HD TrueVision web cam & mic, 802.11a/b/g/n/ac (2×2) and Bluetooth 4.0 M.2; 4x USB 3.0; 1x USB 3.1 Type-C; 3-in-1 memory card reader; Wireless keyboard/mouse

Product review

HP’s Curved all-in-one desktop computer is a highly recommended workstation pc for all your tasks. It boosts up to 3.8 GHz with 32 GB of RAM and your hard drive is 2 TB SSD (Solid State Drive). Its sound will be magnificent as it comes of Bang & Olufsen’s quad speakers.

Product price

$2,899.00

(shipping costs excluded)

2018 HP Spectre x360 15 inch

2018 HP Spectre x360 15 inch

Product details

  • Intel Core i7-8550U (1.8 GHz base frequency, up to 4 GHz with Intel Turbo Boost Technology, 8 MB cache, 4 cores)
  • 15.6″ diagonal 4K IPS BrightView micro-edge WLED-backlit touch screen with Corning Gorilla Glass (3840 x 2160)
  • 512 GB PCIe NVMe M.2 SSD, 16 GB DDR4-2133 SDRAM, NVIDIA GeForce MX150 (2 GB GDDR5 dedicated)
  • Includes HP Stylus Pen + HP Spectre Travel Dock for HP USB-C Charging Laptops

Product review

I truly love this laptop’s design and specs. It’s amazing, well done HP! In 2019 I’ll buy my first HP laptop and it’s gonna be a Spectre for sure. Packed with a 4K Corning Gorilla Glass screen, 4 GHz processor, and configurable up to 2 TB SSD, this laptop is great for CAD enthusiasts.

Product price

$1,259.00 (with Stylus Pen & USB-C dock)

$1,179.00 (with HP Stylus Pen)

$1,095.00 (without Stylus Pen)

(shipping costs excluded)

2018 Newest Flagship HP Pavilion

2018 HP Pavilion

Product details

  • Intel Core i5-7400 (3.0 GHz base frequency, up to 3.5 GHz with Intel Turbo Boost Technology, 6 MB SmartCache, 4 cores), 16GB DDR4-2400 SDRAM (2x 8 GB), 512GB SSD (Boot) + 1 TB 7200 rpm SATA
  • NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060 (3 GB dedicated graphics, Latest gaming technologies, VR ready, Maximum Digitial Resolution: 7680×4320@60Hz
  • DVD-Writer, 7-in-1 memory card reader, Integrated 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet LAN, 802.11a/b/g/n/ac (1×1) and Bluetooth? 4.2 M.2 combo, 1 USB 3.0 Type-C?; 1 USB 3.0; 1 headphone/microphone combo 2 USB 3.0; 2 USB 2.0; 1 RJ-45

Product review

HP is well-known for its high-end professional workstations and this Flagship is a good entry to the requirements of CAD. Brand new i5 up to 3.5 GHz processor and a killer graphics card of 3 GB, this desktop tower should give you the right amount of power for you daily work.

Product price

$1,099.00

(shipping costs excluded)

by Lenovo

2018 Lenovo Yoga 720

2018 Lenovo Yoga 720

Product details

  • 15.6″ Touchscreen Widescreen LED-LCD (3840 x 2560) (UHD) display, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 graphics
  • Intel Core i7-7700HQ Quad-Core processor, 2.8 GHz, 16GB DDR4 RAM, 1TB PCIe NVMe Solid State Drive
  • 1 x USB Type-C, 2 x USB 3.0, 1 x Headphone output/Microphone input combo, Thunderbolt Ports
  • 802.11ac/a/b/g/n, Bluetooth 4.0, Webcam, Media Reader, Backlit Keyboard ; 360° flip-and-fold design
  • Windows 10 Home, 0.8″ Thin, 4.41 lbs Weight

Product review

I’ve always loved the design of Lenovo Yoga laptops and as I’ve read they’re quite good quality too. Yoga sounds already good and hip these years. And it’s a 2-1 as well. You can use it as a laptop, tablet, tent mode and more.

Touchscreen of 15.6″ and 4K to display all your toolbars on one screen. Powered by an Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 and 1 TB SSD.

Product price

$1,695.00

1 TB SSD | 16 GB RAM
(shipping costs excluded)

Lenovo ThinkPad P52

Lenovo ThinkPad P52

Product details

  • Processor: Intel 8th Gen i7-8750H 6-Core Processor (9MB Cache, up to 4.1 GHz with Max Turbo)
  • RAM: 32GB DDR4 2400MHz
  • Storage: 1TB 7200rpm Hard Disk Drive
  • Wireless: 802.11 AC Wireless + Bluetooth 4.1
  • Graphics: NVIDIA Quadro P1000 (4GB memory) + Intel UHD Graphics 630 | Display: 15.6″ FHD Display (1920 x 1080)
  • 3-Year Warranty
  • Windows 10 Pro 64-bit

Product review

Most big companies have Lenovo ThinkPad’s nowadays for one reason; power. It truly is so powerful and packed with 32 GB of RAM. Nothing can go wrong. 6-core processor and 9MB of cache, you guys! Up to 4.1 GHz speed.

Lenovo is very proud of its powerful ThinkPad systems and this one is no exception. Only thing it lacks is an SSD.

Product price

$2,095.00

1 TB HDD | 32 GB RAM
(shipping costs excluded)

2018 Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Yoga

2018 Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Yoga

Product details

  • Intel Core i7-8650U Processor (8M Cache, up to 4.2 GHz) – 1 TB NVMe-PCIe Solid State Drive – 16 GB RAM
  • 14″ Dolby Vision 500 Nits WQHD HDR (2560×1440) Touchscreen – Dockable, Active Stylus Pen – Intel 2 x 2 AC Dual Band Wireless + Bluetooth 4.1 with Intel vPro Technology – Intel UHD Graphics 620
  • Enhanced Security Features include: Touch Fingerprint Reader
  • sted Platform Module (TPM 2.0) Security Chip – FIDO Capable – Integrated 720p HD Webcam with 360-degree far field microphones – I/O: 2x USB 3.1, 2x USB 3.1 Type-C/Thunderbolt, Headphone/Mic Combo Jack, HDMI, microSD, Ethernet Extension Connection Port
  • Windows 10 Pro 64-bit

Product review

At work we use HP ZBook’s and I must say they’re really fast and reliable for just any task. Clocked at 4 GHz and fuelled by a AMD Radeon Pro WX 3100 with 3 GB of VRAM. Including 32 GBs of DDR4 SDRAM, this laptop workstation will be just perfect for you.

Product price

$2,449.00

2 TB SSD | 32 GB RAM
(shipping costs excluded)

by Asus

ASUS ZenBook Pro 15

ASUS ZenBook Pro 15

Product details

  • 8th Generation Intel Core i9-8950HK Processor (12M Cache, up to 4.8 GHz, 6 cores)
  • Fast storage and memory featuring 2TB PCIE NVME SSD Upgrade with 16GB DDR4 RAM with NVidia GTX 1050Ti 4GB
  • 16GB DDR4 system memory for intense multitasking and gaming. DDR4 Ram smoothly run your graphics-heavy PC games
  • Sleek 4 lbs aluminum body for comfortable portability. Built-in fingerprint reader with one-touch login via Windows Hello feature
  • Extensive connectivity with HDMI, 1x HDMI 2x USB3.1-Type C(Gen2) with Thunderbolt 2x USB 3.0 1x Micro SD Card Reader

Product review

You see that right! This laptop has an extra screenpad and yes, it sits right under its own trackpad. Specs are massive and this laptop is so powerful it handles every job.

Product price

$3,999.00

2 TB SSD | Intel core i9 | 16 GB RAM
(shipping costs excluded)

by Microsoft

Surface Book 2

Surface Book 2

Product details

  • Microsoft Surface Book 2 Features a 8th generation Intel Quad Core i7 Processor, 1TB SSD, 16 GB RAM, and up to 17 hours of video playback
  • Enhanced Graphics performance with NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060 discrete GPU w/6GB GDDR5 Graphics Memory
  • The fastest Surface Book yet, with 4x more power
  • Vibrant PixelSense Display: now available with a new 15″ touchscreen
  • Four versatile modes of use and new USB-C port

Product review

You see that cool hinge? It’s capable of folding the laptop 360 degrees so it becomes a tablet and laptop.

Includes the Surface Pen Platinum, Surface Dock, and Mini DisplayPort Adapter.

Product price

$4,999.11

1 TB SSD | Intel core i7 | 16 GB RAM
(shipping costs excluded)

Quality Monitors

$140 – $550 range

Product price

$189.11

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

$139.99

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

$549.99

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

$189.11

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

$139.99

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

$549.99

(shipping costs excluded)

CAD ACCESSORIES

$165 – $290 range

Product price

$165.55

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

$289.00

(shipping costs excluded)

CAD MOUSE

€85 – €130 range

CAD mouse

It is important to choose the right mouse for the work you perform. I love using Logitech wireless mouses but it’s also each and everyone’s personal taste. Here are 3 examples of mouses I recommend.

These products are available on Coolblue Belgium and they ship worldwide as well. Prices are shown in the local currency the euro.

Product price

€84.99

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

€99.99

(shipping costs excluded)

Product price

€129.99

(shipping costs excluded)

Which desktop/laptop do you dream of and which software do you love to use in your branche? Share below…

» Written by Alan who goes under the name of twin-rhino | Published on November 5, 2018

» RELATED POSTS

Our dream: making a trebuchet

Our dream: making a trebuchet

Our dream... a trebuchet

Our dream: making a trebuchet

Karren-project 2005

A project by the cultural centre of Sint-Andries, Antwerp

An initiative to create more art in the neighbourhood

We decided to build a trebuchet

September 2005

The three engineers

And so we are ready to begin

I (Alan), Maarten & Hannes gather together and grab the stuff from home which we need for our cool project. Rope, wood, rubber band and not to forget one apple.
With a little help from my sisters our construction will go smooth and perfectly.

A mid-size and mobile trebuchet in the making.

What is a Trebuchet?

Pronunciation

  • (UK) /ˈtɹɛbəʃɛt//ˈtɹɛb.jə.ʃeɪ//ˈtɹɛb.ju.ʃeɪ/
  • (US) trěb’yo͞o-shet/ˈtɹɛb.juˌʃɛt//ˈtɹɛb.jəˌʃeɪ/

Noun

trebuchet (plural trebuchets)

  1. A medieval siege engine consisting of a large pivoting arm heavily weighted on one end. Considered to be the technological successor to the catapult.
    Medieval trebuchets were capable of launching 90 kg projectiles over distances of more than 300 metres, making them more powerful than most pre-modern types of catapult.

The project and why the trebuchet

The project itself

Every participant received a wooden beam and a set of bike wheels to create whatever they had in mind. Together with artist Dirk Lenaerts we started to built our dream trebuchet. We were teenagers and eager about playing computer games like Age of Empires II as we were bored of studying and crazy about war stuff alike.

We played with our miniature catapult and trebuchet while firing plasticine balls towards the opponent’s fortress. It was a hell of a good time, I will never forget the image of those bloody sacrifices from wood and plasticine spread all over the floor in my room. It was a big mess every time, but we loved it.

u

The creative process

The creative process

We used just wood, lots of nails, rubber band, steel wire, a cogwheel and paint to finish the whole trebuchet itself.

But as it was the intention to put something into the “spoon” of our trebuchet we had to build another cart for the balloons Yeah, you read that right, we used balloons as ammunition. And it was perfect weather to shoot water balloons to Antwerp’s citizens, hahaha. We just had a blast. We really enjoyed ourselves that day and we even shot balloons to our mayor.

The engineering

The engineering

We used just wood, lots of nails, rubber band, steel wire, a cogwheel and paint to finish the whole trebuchet itself.

But as it was the intention to put something into the “spoon” of our trebuchet we had to build another cart for the balloons Yeah, you read that right, we used balloons as ammunition. To be more precise water balloons because a balloon wouldn’t fly far.

We used the cogwheel for the winching mechanism, we could easily pull the lever downwards, which had to be winched by rope and held under tension with help of the cogwheel mechanism.

The action

It’s time for some action… and fun

It was a perfect day to shoot water balloons to the citizens of Antwerp, hahaha. We just had a blast. We really enjoyed ourselves that day and we even shot balloons to our mayor. Luckily it was warm that day and everybody didn’t mind the little water we threw at them.

Here’s a video to show you the result.

» Written by Alan who goes under the name of twin-rhino | Published on March 28, 2018

» RELATED POSTS

The sanatorium for curing tuberculosis

The sanatorium for curing tuberculosis

The sanatorium

for curing tuberculosis

 

The sanatorium for curing tuberculosis

A sanatorium is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB).

a.k.a. the “Great White Plague”

What is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

Consumption, phthisis or Miliary tuberculosis, scrofula, Pott’s disease, and the White Plague refer to tuberculosis throughout history. The historical term “consumption” came about due to the weight loss.

La Miseria by Cristóbal Rojas – Obra de arte, Pintura de Cristóbal Rojas (1857–1890) Galería de Arte Nacional, Caracas- Venezuela. – 150 Pinturas Antológicas. Juan Calzadilla. Fundación Museos Nacionales, Galería de Arte Nacional, Caracas, 2012, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2566264

Ways to cure TB?

The advancement of scientific understanding of tuberculosis and its contagious nature created the need for institutions to house sufferers.

Tuberculosis facilities came to life as early as the 1840s. George Bodington proposed a dietary, rest, and medical care program for a hospital he planned to find in Maney, England. After numerous attacks from medical experts, especially articles in The Lancet, disheartened Bodington and he had to turn his plans into housing the insane. Read his essay here.

George Bodington (1799–1882) was a British general practitioner and pulmonary specialist.

Around the same time in the United States, in late October and early November 1842, Dr. John Croghan, the owner of Mammoth Cave, brought 15 tuberculosis sufferers into the cave in the hope of curing the disease with the constant temperature and purity of the cave air. Patients were lodged in stone huts, and each was supplied with a slave to bring meals.

Dr. John Croghan (1790–1849) was an American medical doctor who helped establish the United States Marine Hospital of Louisville and organized some tuberculosis medical experiments and tours for Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky (U.S.) during 1839–1849.

By late January, early February 1843, two patients were dead and the rest had left the Mammoth Cave. Departing patients died anywhere from three days to three weeks after resurfacing; John Croghan died of tuberculosis at his Louisville residence in 1849.

Two patients were dead and the rest had left the Mammoth Cave. Departing patients died anywhere from three days to three weeks after resurfacing.

Efforts to end TB

On March 1, 2018 I received an email from a Health Educator with the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health’s Tuberculosis Control Program and I was surprised to read it…

World TB Day is at the end of March and provides the opportunity to raise awareness about this deadly disease. To commemorate this day, my program has decided to create a display of historical TB sanatoriums to show how far we have come in terms of TB prevention and treatment.

The World Health Organization (WHO) organises campaigns every year to commemorate World TB Day. This year it was held on March 24, 2018.

Mayo Clinic states the following as possible treatments for TB

Treatment

Medications are the cornerstone of tuberculosis treatment. But treating TB takes much longer than treating other types of bacterial infections.

With tuberculosis, you must take antibiotics for at least six to nine months. The exact drugs and length of treatment depend on your age, overall health, possible drug resistance, the form of TB (latent or active) and the infection’s location in the body.

Recent research suggests that a shorter term of treatment — four months instead of nine — with combined medication may be effective in keeping latent TB from becoming active TB. With the shorter course of treatment, people are more likely to take all their medication, and the risk of side effects is lessened. Studies are ongoing.

Most common TB drugs

If you have latent tuberculosis, you may need to take just one type of TB drug. Active tuberculosis, particularly if it’s a drug-resistant strain, will require several drugs at once The most common medications used to treat tuberculosis include:

  • Isoniazid
  • Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
  • Ethambutol (Myambutol)
  • Pyrazinamide

© Mayo Clinic

History of the sanatorium

Timeline

1517
1517

Lipik springs

Lipik springs

Lipik, Croatia | The Lipik Sanatorium was mentioned as far back as 1517, under the name of “Lipik springs”.

Image © http://www.bolnica-lipik.hr/?vrsta=3&id=117 | Banja Lipik

1836
1836

Sanatoria in the modern sense

Sanatoria in the modern sense

Sutton Coldfield, England | George Bodington opened a sanatorium, “the Driffold House” in 1836. You can find his essay “On the Treatment and Cure of Pulmonary Consumption” at the topic of ‘why is a sanatorium needed’.

Image ©  | Treatment and Cure of Pulmonary Consumption

1854
1854

Brehmersche Heilanstalt für Lungenkranke

Brehmersche Heilanstalt für Lungenkranke

Görbersdorf, Silesia | In 1863, Hermann Brehmer opened the Brehmersche Heilanstalt für Lungenkranke in Görbersdorf (Sokołowsko), for the treatment of tuberculosis. Patients were exposed to plentiful amounts of high altitude, fresh air, and good nutrition.

Image © http://fotopolska.eu/769703,foto.html | 1879, Dr Brehmer’s Heilanstalten w Sokołowsku (reklama obiektu)

1882
1882

Dr. Robert Koch identified the tubercle bacillus as the cause of the disease

Dr. Robert Koch identified the tubercle bacillus as the cause of the disease

Every year on 24 March, World TB Day commemorates the day in 1882 that Dr. Robert Koch identified the tubercle bacillus as the cause of the disease. Despite advances in modern medicine, TB is still endemic in many parts of the world, causing nearly 1.5 million deaths every year.

Image © | Child patients lying outside in beds on a terrace outside the Hospital of Alton, Hampshire, in the sun as part of their therapy | 1937, Wellcome Library, London

1885
1885

Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium, USA in 1885

Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium, USA in 1885

Was the first such establishment in North America, USA by Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau.

Image © http://museum.aarc.org  | 1922 Trudeau’s Cottage Sanitarium

1911
1911

Saskatchewan Anti-Tuberculosis League in 1911

Saskatchewan Anti-Tuberculosis League in 1911

Canada 1900, it was Saskatchewan’s first health charity. Peter McAra was the first President and Dr. William Hart was the first Medical Superintendent.

Image © https://sk.lung.ca/about-us/who-we-are/history/timeline | Saskatchewan Anti-Tuberculosis League in 1911

1943
1943

The cure for TB – 1943

The cure for TB – 1943

Graduate student Albert Schatz isolated streptomycin — a bactericidal antibiotic effective against a virulent strain of tuberculosis — in a tiny basement laboratory at Rutgers University.

Image © Wikimedia Commons | An October Scene- The Young Consumptive, from “Le Journal Illustré” no. 34 (October 2-9, 1864)

Sanatoria in Belgium

Personally I know 3 sanatoria here in Belgium, I visited all 3 of them. One is already converted into a retirement home, being Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire. The 2 other buildings are still abandoned and very popular among urban explorers with traces of tags and more broken windows after each visit. A sanatorium is a huge complex with large rooms and many windows to get lots of fresh air and sunlight. Located far from the city and surrounded by nature this is the perfect place to cure the disease. Back then, medicines didn’t exist yet and the sanatorium was thought to cure the sufferers.

Preventorium for the kids of Dolhain

 

This old art-deco hospital was a tuberculosis preventorium for kids. In the 1970s this hospital had 150 beds. Preventoria differed slightly from sanatoria in that they catered more specifically to patients with an early state of infection. The Dolhain preventorium nestled along the Weser and the railway line Liege-Welkenraedt, knew its best days in the 70’s. Due to advances in medicine, that almost completely eradicated tuberculosis, the domain lost its purpose. The hospital was sold in the 1990s to a German company that planned lofts in the building. Now, many years later, the plans still haven’t been carried out.

Outside the hospital stands an old fire truck. The Magirus-Deutz with a 30 meter ladder was used years ago by the local fire brigade.

Image © Pieter-Jan

Sanatorium Du Basil

 

The construction of Sanatorium Du Basil, a complex of around 1.2 million francs, started in 1900 and occupied 56 hectares of usable space for curing tuberculosis. The first patients were admitted three years later in 1903. 113 beds were provided for men from Liège at first. Later the facility was opened for women too. Located at a remote area from the nearby city at a height of 400 metres surrounded by a coniferous forest. Fresh air as well as quiet and peace should help curing the disease. The site had its own water supply and even their own graveyard to prevent infection from tuberculosis as it was a major concern.

After integration of another hospital this site closed in 2010. It became a shelter for asylum seekers and was finally abandoned due to cost concerns. Since then it stands in decay.

“Not to spot with the disease but rather a picture to illustrate how he thought it should look like.”

Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire

 

This sanatorium is situated in Tombeek (Overijse), Vlaams-Brabant. Built in modernism and Nieuwe Bouwen style by architect Maxim Brunfaut. Designed in 1937 by Maxim and Fernand and commissioned by the socialist insurance La Prévoyance Sociale and named after the director of that time.

» Written by Alan who goes under the name of twin-rhino | Published on November 13, 2017

» RELATED POSTS

Alan’s strange habit

Alan’s strange habit

Fainting, that's easy

My strange habit

Alan’s strange habit

MY STRANGE HABIT

What the heck is this, you wonder?

Well, it’s an MRI of my right knee.

X-ray of my left hand.

What is this strange habit of mine?

Here’s are some old stories.

BIOLOGY

At school I was the queer person, the odd fellow who knew how to faint while attending class.

Here’s THE beginning!

It started during a biology lesson in primary school. As far as I know this phenomenon started here.
No, it is not about botany or anything related to similar studies. It is about the human body or the study of animals.

During this class my teacher was talking about the human body, and a class lasts 50 minutes! I don’t remember it exactly but it didn’t take long before I passed out. At first my body warms up, then the colour of my skin starts to disappear and becomes pale. My face pale white like an albino, burning from internal heat my body becomes heavy, I slowly lower my head to the desk in front of me. The teacher shouts my name, I can barely hear her from afar. She comes closer with a question at her tongue. Students turn their heads, strange thoughts in everyone’s head wondering what the matter is all about. Some laugh, some talk, some just stare at me. For me it’s already too late, my eyes are rolling and the process started. My arms are heavy like concrete, I don’t know, I don’t feel anything anymore. It’s too late to reverse everything. My teacher is hopeless, my friends approach me in a hurry, meanwhile I already passed out… I don’t know how long it took to be back alive but people overran me with questions while my ears are still asleep. Lucky me, haha. I stopped a class of biology.

I will most likely never know the reason of this phenomenon whatsoever.

FILMS

There is this film about a man sentenced to death in an American prison called Dead Man Walking. Horrible film, terrific. I can’t handle this kind of stories, not a single one. It goes way to deep into my brains until I explode.

It just happened, okay!

Imagine a ballroom with 15- to 16-year old students and their teachers all together watching this movie and I’m one of them. Seated at a table with my beige-coloured Kipling satchel beneath it. I was the outsider during those years at school because of this satchel and my social minorities. I didn’t care much. I had something different to care about and I had some good friends too. It wasn’t that bad after all but I still have to deal with this special thing for my entire life. Which doesn’t come in handy if people talk about those things. You’ll see me slowly walking away or not paying attention to the conversation, most likely I won’t interact with them until they change the subject. Despite I would really love to hear it, I refuse myself to interrupt the conversation and ask to change subject. I just can’t because I don’t dear.

So, to come back to my story, yes, I passed out at the end of the movie while the prisoner was being executed. It was simply too much for me.
Head on the table, hands supporting my face, pale white skin, hot body. Always the same story. A friend right next to me wondering what I was doing showed me a strange face. My head teacher laid me on the ground and my feet on the chair. I was out for a minute and noticed that the room was almost empty except for some friends of mine, my head teacher and the director of the school.

Yep, that is exactly how I introduced myself as having a weak for biology, violent films and too heavy stories.

HOSPITALS

It must be their smell, their many corridors filled with horror and blood, their many advertisers with huge posters hanging at the wall. Every step I take is another mistake but I really have a reason to be there and I simply cannot return to safety. I just need to be fixed and checked by a doctor because I don’t know anything about my own body. Yes, it’s true and pretty sad but it is like this.

Interesting, but annoying!

My friend Hannes at Sanatorium du Basil

September 2015, a beautiful trip to the top of the Italian Gran Paradiso. A well succeeded adventure but it was a little bit too much for my knees. Read about this trip here: The Gran Paradiso. I injured my knees and a visit to the hospital was in need because the pain didn’t want to go away.

After many visits to the doctor they had to make a scan of my left knee and when the results were known I had to visit my doctor again.
It was a workday and I came by a rental car from my company. I still had to drive to Breda as I was currently working there during a project. So, I entered the hospital, awaited a signal from my doctor in the waiting room and not much later he arrived and called my name. He explained the results from the scan and in the meantime my body was starting to warm up. How crazy is that, he just said some things about my knee and I already feel that I’ve heard enough. He couldn’t finish anyway because he showed me the scan on his computer screen and then I gave up and passed out. When I woke up I noticed two nurses around me and they put me on a bed in the same room. It was so weird.

My doctor still had to finish his speech and said that he had to remove the medical plica, a little part in my leg. But no bone or anything else was damaged.
30 minutes later he sent me to the planning to make an appointment for operation and the two women in front of me were talking about steps I had to take before they could start. While signing papers for my room and so on I passed out again because of the information they gave me. I ended on a bed for a second time in less than 30 minutes. Different nurses approached me to check my heart, if I took drugs, if I was drunk, if, if, if, …

Half unconscious I told them to stop, open a window and leave me alone for a sec. They didn’t believe me at first because there were special cases that took too many drugs and died here in the end. Lucky for them it wasn’t the case and the fresh air did me good. After a few more signatures I could finally leave the hospital and carry on to my work.

Biology

Hospitals

Body Topics

Veins are mere highways.
Transit for blood from the heart,
heartache dispersal.

» Written by Alan who goes under the name of twin-rhino | Published on July 10, 2017